The first edition of the forum will take the form of five (05) panels moderated with a facilitator in attendance of personalities.
Each panel will be followed by a discussion open to all participants.
The five panels will address the following themes:
Inequality and poverty are fuelling social tensions and will only worsen in the face of unprecedented demographic growth. As well as economic and social inequalities that will have to be addressed and resolved politically.
The separation of the powers is weakened in many African States: the absence of a proven independence of justice impacts the credibility of institutions and suspicions on the management of the public good.
Terrorism and armed conflict weaken state institutions and undermine public security. Countries in political transition are directly affected as they put effort on fighting terrorism and manage instability. The capacity for reform is impacted.
The response to conflicts and violence acts through three dimensions “fight against terrorism – governance – development”.
The State becomes as warranter of citizens’ fundamental rights within a framework of transparency and participation.
Nevertheless, the access to political affairs remains selective in many African countries – often creating a vicious circle, where any substantial change is perceived as a threat to staying in power.
ECOWAS and ECCAS have certainly ensured political and social stability in the region, which has been strengthened over the years. However, they have not been able to adequately anticipate and manage political crises in the Sahel region.
The African Union is overwhelmed by operational difficulties and decision-making is out of step with the dynamics of the continent. Disparities between Member States affect the Pan-African institution.
Thinking about African solutions opens spaces for innovative economic reflections such as the harmonisation of the internal market, investment in research, development and technology, an African agricultural policy, effective control of mineral resources.